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Are Magic Mushrooms Legal in the Yukon?

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The short answer is “No”

Are Magic Mushrooms Legal in Yukon?

No, Magic Mushrooms and other psilocybin products are illegal in Yukon for sale, possession and usage. Recently, there have been talks about reclassification due to its low potential for abuse and addiction, but no changes have been put into effect. 

History of Legalization in YT:

In August 2020, Health Canada granted exemptions allowing patients with terminal illnesses to access psilocybin-assisted therapy for end-of-life care. This shift was influenced by research demonstrating the therapeutic potential of psilocybin in treating conditions such as anxiety, depression, and PTSD.

Current Legal Status:

Magic mushrooms, specifically those containing the psychoactive compound psilocybin, are illegal in Yukon and Canada as a whole due to a combination of historical and contemporary factors. Historically, the criminalization of psychedelics like psilocybin was influenced by concerns related to the counterculture movements of the 1960s and 1970s, which embraced these substances for recreational and spiritual use.

The unpredictability of psychedelic experiences and the potential for misuse were also significant factors in their prohibition. Additionally, as part of global efforts to regulate controlled substances, Canada adheres to international agreements, such as the United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances, which classifies psilocybin as a Schedule III substance, subject to strict controls.

However, more recently, there has been a growing shift in the perception of psychedelics for therapeutic and medical purposes. This change in attitude, as well as emerging scientific research highlighting the potential benefits of controlled psilocybin-assisted therapy, has led to exemptions and discussions about legal changes, but these developments primarily pertain to medical and therapeutic use rather than recreational legality. As a result, while the legal landscape may evolve, the recreational use of magic mushrooms remains prohibited in Yukon and across Canada, with potential legal changes often focusing on the medical and therapeutic context.

Therapeutic and Medical Usage:

Research institutions and healthcare professionals in Yukon, like the rest of Canada, have been engaging in clinical trials and studies to investigate the therapeutic potential of psilocybin. These studies typically focus on its efficacy in treating mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, and addiction.

Health Canada granted exemptions for patients with terminal illnesses, allowing them to access psilocybin-assisted therapy for end-of-life care. This was a significant shift in the legal landscape, recognizing the potential benefits of psilocybin for patients facing life-threatening conditions.

Clinics specializing in psychedelic-assisted therapy, including those involving psilocybin, have emerged in various parts of Canada, although the extent of their presence in Yukon may vary. These clinics offer controlled, supervised sessions with trained professionals to help patients address mental health issues and promote personal growth.

Penalties for Possession or Sale of Magic Mushrooms in YT:

For simple possession of psilocybin, individuals could face charges under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. Penalties may vary depending on the amount in possession, but it often includes fines of up to $1000 and potential imprisonment of up to 6 months. These are for “first-time incident” and can increase in severity for those who are repeat offenders. Please remember that the laws behind the possession of Magic Mushrooms are “not-enforced” but use this knowledge to keep yourself safe!

Selling or trafficking magic mushrooms is a more serious offense. Penalties for the sale of psilocybin can include significant fines and imprisonment, with the severity of the penalties depending on factors such as the quantity sold and whether the accused has a history of drug-related offenses. If used for the purpose of exporting and/or trafficking, the accused could face up to 10 years of imprisonment.